West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 22 (31 October 2021)

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Snapshot Date
Oct 31 2021
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment


The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2020 (as of 31 August) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries. As of 31 October 2021, 2,136,303 individuals have been displaced, including 1,948,254 Internally Displaced Persons (91% of the displaced population) and 188,049 Refugees (9% of the displaced population). Sixty-seven per cent of the displaced population (1,430,019 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 19 per cent resided in Mali (414,922 individuals), 10 per cent in Niger (216,818 individuals) and 3 per cent in Mauritania (74,544 individuals).