West and Central Africa — Lake Chad Basin Crisis Monthly Dashboard 37 (31 October 2021)

Regional Office Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Snapshot Date
Oct 31 2021
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment


The crisis currently affecting the Lake Chad Basin states results from a complex combination of factors, including conflict with Non-State Armed Groups, extreme poverty, underdevelopment and a changing climate, which together have triggered significant displacement of populations. As of 31 October 2021, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria were hosting an estimated 5,417,841 affected individuals made up of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Refugees (both in- and out-of-camp), Returnees (Former IDPs and Returnees from abroad) and Third Country Nationals (TCNs). 76 per cent of the affected population (representing 4,100,676 individuals) were located in Nigeria, while 11 per cent resided in Cameroon (607,520 individuals), 9 per cent in Chad (476,548 individuals) and 4 per cent in Niger (233,097 individuals).