West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 6 (23 June 2020)
The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 4,000 people in 2019 alone and triggered significant displacement of populations in the three affected countries. As of 23 June 2020, 1,422,112 individuals have been displaced, including 1,256,917 Internally Displaced Persons (88% of the displaced population) and 165,195 Refugees (12% of the displaced population). Sixty-six per cent of the displaced population (941,951 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 18 per cent resided in Mali (258,370 individuals), 11 per cent in Niger (163,178 individuals) and 4 per cent in Mauritania (58,613 individuals).