West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 15 (30 March 2021)

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Snapshot Date
Mar 30 2021
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment


The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2020 (as of 31 August) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries. As of 30 March 2021, 1,754,223 individuals have been displaced, including 1,577,466 Internally Displaced Persons (90% of the displaced population) and 176,757 Refugees (10% of the displaced population). Sixty-five per cent of the displaced population (1,141,776 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 20 per cent resided in Mali (347,105 individuals), 11 per cent in Niger (198,612 individuals) and 4 per cent in Mauritania (66,723 individuals).