The objective of the National Monitoring System (NMS) in Ukraine, drawing from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) approach, is to support the Government of Ukraine in collecting and analysing information on the socio-economic characteristics of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and IDP households, as well as the challenges they faced. IOM adapted the DTM, a system designed to regularly capture, process and disseminate information on displacement situations, to the Ukrainian context. The NMS provides a better understanding of the evolving movements and locations, numbers, vulnerabilities and needs of displaced populations in Ukraine. Round 7 (September 2017) found that females made up 58% of household members while 42% were male. 39% of IDP households include children and 9% of the identified IDP households include disabled persons. The rate of employment amongst IDPs increased from 35% to 49% since March 2016.