South Sudan — Wau Masna Collective Centre Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (January-March 2022)

Contact
DTM South Sudan, SouthSudanDTM@iom.int
Language
English
Location
South Sudan
Period Covered
Jan 01 2022
Mar 31 2022
Activity
  • Flow Monitoring

Summary

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) continued conducting Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (DSFM) at the gates of Wau Masna Collective Centre. In the first quarter of 2022, 2,077 interviews were conducted representing 3,073 individual movements into / out of the collective centre. This reflects a 5 per cent decrease in the general trend of movement into / out of the centre. Day movements were mostly by male individuals (69%) and decreased by 11 per cent in comparison with the previous quarter. Common reasons for day movements were to make / sell charcoal (25%), collect firewood or elephant grass (18%), visit friends or family (14%) and tend to other livelihood activities (10%). Temporary movements saw a high increase of 80 per cent compared to the previous quarter, with main reasons of movement being attempts to return home (42%), food distribution (9%) and religious services (6%). Thirty-eight per cent of these individuals intend to spend more than 6 months at locations of destination. The number of surveyed new arrivals decreased from 20 (in the last quarter of 2021) to 15 individuals in the first quarter of 2022. The major drivers of people into Masna Collective Centre are hunger due to conflict (40%) and access to general healthcare services (34%). Most individuals intend to stay for more than 6 months in the collective centre. DTM enumerators did not encounter individuals who intend to permanently exit the centre.