In Nigeria, transhumance is an established practice among cattle herders to overcome the constraints of the dry season, diseases and conflicts in the upper Sahel region. In recent years, competing claims to natural resources have grown with reports of violent clashes between farmers’ and herders' communities in the Adamawa state of Nigeria. The conflicts between farmers and herders' communities are compounded by factors such as population growth, expanding human settlements, land privatization, year-round farming, environmental degradation, weakened traditional conflict resolving mechanisms and climate change.
The community focal points and key informants collect information on alerts relating to transhumance activities and movements in Adamawa state, to support the Transhumance Tracking Tool (TTT) Early Warning System as a component of the IOM's Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). This report presents TTT Early Warning data collected in August 2022 in five LGAs of Adamawa State (Demsa, Girei, Lamurde, Numan and Mayo-Belwa). During this period under review, 295 alerts were recorded, including 263 events (89%) and 32 movements (11%). Events alerts include agro-pastoral conflict, intra-and inter-community tensions, Kidnappings, robberies, accidents, and attacks, disasters due to natural hazards, farm destruction, livestock theft, cattle rustling, etc. The highest number of alerts was recorded in Demsa LGA (27%), followed by Girei LGA (26%), Lamurde LGA (17%), Mayo-Belwa LGA (16%) and Numan LGA (14%). Disaggregated data at the ward level suggested that Gereng ward in Girei LGA and Ndikong ward in Mayo-Belwa LGA recorded high numbers at 10 per cent and 6 per cent of the total event alerts in August 2022, respectively.
Some conflict-prone potential risk areas were identified for the month under review in Demsa, Fufore, Jada, Madagali, Maiha, Mayo-Belwa, Numan, Shelleng and Yola South LGAs. These potential risk areas are identified through monitoring transhumance movements and the TTT early warning platform.