Nigeria — Displacement Report 24 (August 2018)
This Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 24 assessment report, prepared by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), aims to improve the humanitarian community's understanding of the scope of internal displacements and returns, as well as the needs of the conflict-affected populations in north-east Nigeria. The report covers the period of 23 July to 6 August 2018 and reflects trends from the six states most affected by the ongoing conflict: Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe.
Round 24 identified 1,926,748 displaced individuals in the six affected states, representing an increase (of 8,240 people) in comparison to 1,918,508 displaced people recorded in the last round of assessments published in June 2018. Prior to this, a two per cent increase was recorded in the last assessment, as against the number identified in Round 22 (published in April 2018).
To gain insights into the profiles of IDPs, interviews with five per cent of the identified IDP population — that is, 87,323 displaced persons — were conducted during this round of assessments. The information collated and analyzed in this report includes the reasons for displacement, places of origin and dwelling types, mobility patterns, and unfulfilled needs of the displaced populations.
Additionally, site assessments were carried out in 2,405 sites, with the aim of better understanding the needs of the affected population. These sites included 286 camps and camp-like settings and 2,119 locations where IDPs were residing with host communities. Site assessments included an analysis of sector-wide needs, including shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihood, security, communication and protection.
Given that Borno state is the most affected by conflict-related displacements, this report places a specific focus on data and analyses pertaining to Borno. Lastly, this report includes analyses on the increasing number of returnees and their shelter conditions.