Since June 2021, an upsurge in violent confrontations between gangs has generated a situation of
generalized insecurity in several communes of the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince (ZMPP)
and displaced tens of thousands of people. Insecurity in the capital, which accelerated following the
assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021, has aggravated the already dire economic and
political conditions confronting Haiti. The Haitian Directorate-General for Civil Protection (Direction
Générale de la Protection Civile, DGPC) and IOM’s Displacement Monitoring Matrix (DTM) recorded
47,129 new displacement movements in the ZMPP between 23 April and 23 August 2022. As of 1
September 2022, 21,684 individuals remain displaced in 36 spontaneous sites.
On 14 August 2021 an earthquake with an epicenter approximately 13 km southeast of Petit-Troude-
Nippes struck the departments of Nippes, South and Grand’Anse. This earthquake caused the death
of 2,246 people, as well as significant damage and destruction to more than 115,000 homes, and
affected over 800,000 people. IOM’s DTM and the DGPC estimate that at least 38,777 people were
forced to seek shelter in displacement sites following the earthquake, of which 2,528 remain displaced
in 35 sites.