Since June 2021, an upsurge in violent confrontations between gangs has generated a situation of
generalized insecurity in several communes of the Metropolitan Area of Port-au-Prince (ZMPP)
and displaced tens of thousands of people. Insecurity in the capital, which accelerated following
the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July 2021, has aggravated the already dire economic
and political conditions confronting Haiti. The Haitian Directorate-General for Civil Protection
(Direction Générale de la Protection Civile, DGPC) and IOM’s Displacement Monitoring Matrix
(DTM) recorded 47,129 new displacement movements in the ZMPP between 23 April and 23
August 2022. As of 31 August 2022, 66,211 people (15,492 households) remain displaced
in 160 host communities/neighbourhoods in the ZMPP. Violence in the capital also prompted
large numbers of people to flee to the southern regions of Haiti: the DGPC and DTM identified
9,252 individuals in the Sud and Grand’ Anse départements displaced by insecurity in the capital.
On 14 August 2021 an earthquake with an epicenter approximately 13 km southeast of Petit-
Trou de Nippes struck the departments of Nippes, South and Grand’Anse. This earthquake
caused the death of 2,246 people, as well as significant damage and destruction to more than
115,000 homes, and affected over 800,000 people. IOM’s DTM and the DGPC estimate that
13,657 people in 51 host communities in the départements of Sud and Grand’ Anse are currently
displaced as a result of the earthquake.
The DGPC and DTM thus identified a total of 89,370 individuals (21,354 households) residing
amongst host communities in Haiti. The considerable majority of IDPs living in host communities
(83%) fled urban violence afflicting the ZMPP, while a smaller share (16%) - mainly in Sud and
Grand Anse - were displaced by disasters. Notably, half (50%) of IDPs living in host communities
in Grand’ Anse and 20 per cent in Sud fled gang related violence afflicting Port-au-Prince.