DTM Nigeria Round XXII Report April 2018
This report of the Round XXII Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessment by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) aims to improve understanding of the scope of internal displacements, returns and the needs of aﬀected populations in conﬂict-aﬀected states of north-eastern Nigeria. The report covers the period of 18 March to 18 April and reﬂects trends from the six states most aﬀected by displacement: Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe. Round XXII identiﬁed 1,881,198 individuals as displaced in the aﬀected states, representing a six per cent increase (or 98,708 people) in comparison to 1,782,490 individuals identiﬁed in Round XXI (published in February 2018). This increase carries on the upward trend in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) observed recently.
To gain insights into the proﬁles of IDPs, interviews with ﬁve per cent of the identiﬁed IDP population — that is 85,519 displaced persons — were conducted during this round of assessments. The information collated and analysed in this report includes the reasons for displacement, places of origin and dwelling types, mobility and unfulﬁlled needs of the displaced populations.
Additionally, site assessments were carried out in 2,356 sites, with the aim of better understanding the needs of the aﬀected population. These sites included 272 camps and camp-like settings and 2,084 locations where IDPs were residing with host communities. Site assessments include an analysis of sector-wide needs, including shelter and non-food items, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food and nutrition, health, education, livelihood, security, communication and protection.
Given that the State of Borno is the most aﬀected by conﬂict-related displacements, this report places a speciﬁc focus on data and analyses pertaining to it. Lastly, this report includes analyses on the increasing number of returnees and their shelter conditions.