For several years, the Central African Republic (CAR) has been affected by political, security and humanitarian crises linked to armed conflicts, inter-community conflicts or caused by tensions between farmers and herders in certain areas. This unstable situation in the country was considerably exacerbated during the electoral and postelectoral context following the formation of the Coalition of Patriots for Change, a coalition of armed groups opposed to the organization of the elections. The security
situation remained volatile throughout 2021 in a post-election context. Parts of the country have been affected by clashes between the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) (supported by its allies) and armed groups. In response to the complex crisis in CAR, since 2013 the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been deploying the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), a tool that collects data on displacement trends as well as the conditions and needs of the populations affected by the crisis in the CAR. Through its displacement monitoring component, the DTM collects data from key informants (local authorities, community leaders, representatives of displaced persons, site managers) within the localities and sites hosted displaced and returnees.
This factsheet provides an overview of displacement and sectoral humanitarian needs in 47 sites (including 20 official sites and 27 unofficial sites)1. These sites are spread over 9 prefectures in addition to the capital Bangui. Information was collected through a structured questionnaire from site managers and representatives of the displaced. Data collection on the sites was carried out between August 10 and September 30, 2021 in the prefectures of Haute-Kotto, Bamingui Bangoran, Haut-Mbomou, Mbomou, Nana-Gribizi, Ombella-Mpoko, Ouaka et la capitale Bangui