Afghanistan - Survey on Drivers of Migration - Summary Brief Round 2 (November 2020 - March 2021)

Contact
DTM Afghanistan, DTMAfghanistan@iom.int
Language
English
Location
Afghanistan
Period Covered
Nov 01 2020
Mar 21 2021
Activity
  • Survey
  • Flow Monitoring

Summary

The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) is part of the European Union (EU) funded Displacement Tracking Matrix
(DTM) project "Regional Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy" (REMAP). The objective of DTM REMAP is to
strengthen the evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and
programming on migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq
and Pakistan.

Through the SDM, between November 2020 and March 2021 (Round 2) the DTM team in Afghanistan interviewed
19,605 potential migrants at informal migration hubs. The DTM Afghanistan team selected 6 provinces with high
international outward migration in which to conduct data collection. The selection was based on the review of
longitudinal multiyear flow monitoring data on outward migration from Islam Qala -Taybad and Zaranj -Milak border
crossings to the Islamic Republic of Iran and beyond. The detailed findings of this survey will be soon published in
a report (IOM, 2022). A quantitative approach was adopted to analyze the drivers of Afghan migration to Europe,
the Islamic Republic of Iran, Pakistan and Turkey. The specific thematic areas for analysis include: socio-economic
profiles, drivers and reasons for migration, travel arrangements, problems and vulnerabilities related to journey
and mobility history. This summary brief, extracted from the forthcoming report, provides a background on the
interviewed potential migrants.