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Displaced population tracked by DTM
As of Jul 2020
The information displayed on this page represents the most recent DTM results. For more detailed, time series data, please access individual country pages.
population displaced by conflict
As of Dec 2018, in countries with active DTM. Source: IDMC


  • Current DTM operation
  • Previously active DTM operation or flow monitoring operations
  • Administrative division with available number of displaced persons
  • Site assessed by DTM

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Cause of displacement
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About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) information products on internal displacement, including a visualization of the scale of displacement monitored by IOM. A second complementary platform by DTM,, intends to visualise population flows. Each platform is designed to facilitate a better understanding of displacement and mobility trends within and between countries or regions.  

Mobility tracking aims to quantify the presence of population categories within defined locations, with a frequency that captures mobility dynamics. Its approach is highly customizable: it can be light-touch or in-depth depending on the phase and requirements of the response, and it often increases in depth and detail over successive rounds. The online platform visualises mobility tracking data collected through baseline area assessments.

Baseline area assessments provide information on the presence of internally displaced populations in a defined administrative area, their reason and date of displacement and their shelter situation. Once a baseline or a list of locations hosting displaced populations has been identified, further location and/or site assessments are conducted to gather multi-layer and multi-themed data on the displaced groups. The objective of the location/site assessments is to collect in-depth data on the living conditions and needs of populations. This may include populations in camp and camp-like settings, or populations residing within host communities and/or areas of return of the observed population of concern.



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Kismayo, the second largest city in South-central Somalia has been devastated by civil conflict, floods, famine and the

Bari region in Puntland, has experienced protracted civil conflict with loss of livelihoods and widespread displacement of 229,000 IDPs.

Hargeysa, Borama and Zeylac districts are growing urban areas in Somaliland, and over the past few years become host to households and individuals that have been displaced as a result of conflict, insecurity or drought.

This displacement situation report depicts the displacement in 26 districts throughout Somalia. It is estimated that the total IDP population stands at 1.4 million people and that there are 1,549 IDP locations.

The three primary DTM operations track displacement caused by the 2010 Earthquake, Hurricane Matthew and secondary displacements which have been caused by the start of the rainy season, and deportations at the border with the Dominican Republic. There have been limited changes since the last moni

Afmadow district has experienced an influx of 58,100 IDPs from Middle Juba, Lower Juba and Bay as a result of insecurity, natural disaster and search for humanitarian assistance. Most sites in the district are spontaneous, and unnamed.

Over the 5 years, Middle Shabelle has faced multiple natural and man-made hazards.

Since November 2016 to June 2017, Hiraan region has seen a total of 11,864 IDPs and earlier than usual pastoralist movement related to drought, with many moving from rural areas to populated places with a perceived availability of services.

The Gedo region remains home for most people affected by the prolonged drought, conflict and disease outbreak. Belet Xaawo town, the most populated location in Belet Xaawo district hosts a total of 31,789 IDPs. This was a three-fold increase from DTM's February data which recorded 21,000 IDPs.

As of 30 May 2017, the DTM has identified 3,020,034 internally displaced persons (503,339 families) displaced after January 2014, dispersed across 106 districts and 3,577 locations in Iraq. For the same period, DTM has identified 1,813,680 returnees (302,280 families).

In Gaalckacyo, Mudug region, severe drought conditions have become the primary reason for migration into urban and peri-urban areas.

Galgadud region remains at the epicenter of continued insecurity. The withdrawal of African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and local troops from locations in El Bur and subsequent take-over by insurgents has sparked new waves of insecurity and displacement.

The DTM West Mosul displacement overview details the cumulative numbers of IDPs having transited through Hammam al Aliel since 25 February 2017 on a table and map.

As of 27 June 2017 DTM estimates that 136,589 households (819,534 individuals) are currently still displaced. The Majority of these IDPs (389,898) are living in unknown shelter arrangements and the most commonly reported district of origin was Mosul (735,492 individuals).

The cumulative total of IDPs recorded by DTM from 17 October 2016 to 29 June 2017 is 1,021,476 individuals comprising 170,256 families. Of these, 819,534 individuals (comprising 136,589 families) are still displaced. 389,898 people are currently residing in unknown shelter arrangements.

This Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) report provides a snapshot on Bama, Chibok, Damboa, Dikwa, Gubio, Gwoza, Jere, Kala Balge, Konduga, Kukawa, Mafa, Monguno, and Ngala. During the reporting period, DTM recorded the movement of 894 individuals in Bama, 478 in Jere and 241 in Gwoza. 

The DTM team conducted an assessment in Terekeka from 8-12 June 2017 in order to assess the displacement dynamics and multi-sectorial needs of the IDPs.

As of 27 June 2017 DTM estimates that 72,536 households (432,726 individuals) are currently still displaced. The Majority of these IDPs (360,948) are living in camps or emergency settings and the most commonly reported district of origin was Mosul (352,338 individuals).

During the reporting period DTM identified 3,463 displaced families (15,994 individuals).

As of 27 June 2017 DTM has identified 114,088 displaced families (684,528 IDPs).The majority of IDPs were residing in Camps (441,708 individuals).

DTM identified an estimated 318,929 individuals comprising 228,443 IDPs, 32,459 unregistered refugees and 58,027 returnees. 674 villages were surveyed including 56 new villages. 96% of the assessed population were displaced due to armed conflict in the region.

There was a slight increase in the number of migrants observed entering the flow monitoring points during this period. During the reporting period 7,142 outgoing and 9,411 incoming individuals were identified across the 2 active FMPs that were surveyed.    

Depuis février 2016, l'OIM Niger effectue un suivi des flux migratoires sur deux points de la région d'Agadez au Niger.

During the reporting period the total population of the site was 114,537 individuals (20,714 households). There were 412 entries, of these 35% were due to insecurity, 59% due to food and 6% due to other reasons. There were also 1,715 exits during the reporting period.

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