The Return Index is a tool designed to measure the severity of conditions in locations of return. It provides data on 16 different indicators related to 1) livelihoods and basic services, and 2) safety perceptions and social cohesion. For each assessed location of return, the severity score is calculated. The scores range from 0 (all essential conditions for return are met) to 100 (no essential conditions for return are met). Higher scores denote more severe living conditions for returnees. The scores are grouped into three categories of severity: low, medium and high (which also includes very high).
Data collection for the Return Index Round 15 took place between the months of January and March 2022 across eight governorates, 38 districts and 2,165 locations in Iraq. During Round 15, three additional locations of return were assessed, but the overall number of locations remained the same due to families displacing from two locations previously assessed in Round 14 and the combination of two locations into one in Round 15.